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Short History of Chellaston
   
 
The first recorded mention of Chellaston was in 1009 when it was known as Ceoleardesbeorge (beorg meaning hill) [Place Names of Derbyshire by Cameron.] By 1086, the Domesday Survey named it as Celerdestune or Celardestune . Eventually, after various spellings through time it became known as Chellaston.

Religion
St Peter’s Church probably dates from at least the 13th century when mention of “a gift by Alexander formerly Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield to Walter, Bishop of Karliol [Carlisle] of the church of Meleburn with its chapels of Chelardeston and Neuton” is made of it in a document in the Cumbrian County Record Office. The responsibility for the church at Chellaston stayed with Melbourne until the late 19th century when the Reverend Joseph Hughes became the first resident incumbent at St Peter’s, Chellaston, previously a curate had looked after the church. In 1840 a tower was built on the church.

Methodism probably came to Chellaston in about 1812 when a Mr W Astle asked that his house situated in Chellaston may be used for public worship by those dissenting from the Church of England, called Methodists. Eventually a new chapel was built in 1876 in the High Street.

In 1868 Chellaston Baptist Chapel was opened on Derby Road but this disappeared with the building of the Parkway estate in the late 1970s.

In the 1970s the St. Ralph Sherwin Roman Catholic Church on Swarkestone Road opened.

Alabaster
During the medieval period Chellaston became known worldwide for the quality of the alabaster mined in the area to produce monuments, tombs and tablets for churches etc. The mines were mainly in the area between Chellaston and the neighbouring village of Aston on Trent and they ceased producing alabaster in the early 20th century.

Population
The population of the Chellaston at the time of Bishop Crompton’s religious census in 1676 was about 140. In 1789 Pilkington described Chellaston as “a small farming village of 42 houses”. The national census of 1801 gave a population of 205 and in 1901 the population was 654, so in the 100 intervening years the population had increased more than threefold. The population had increased to about 14,000 in 2009. .

Education
Following the 1870 Education Act he Board School was opened in 1878 in School Lane, the building is still part of the Infants school today. Children attended this school for the whole of their school life. Eventually, in 1967, a junior school was built on the Flatts and in 1977 Chellaston Senior School was opened. Another primary school (Homefields) was opened on Parkway in 2001..

Hotels / Public Houses
There are, at the moment (April 2010), four public houses in Chellaston. The Rose and Crown, the Corner Pin (formerly the New Inn), The Bonnie Prince and The Lawns, which is also a hotel with accommodation. There is also the Chellaston club, previously the Royal British Legion.

The Red Lion is currently derelict, possibly about to be pulled down. The original Red Lion dates from c1829. This was pulled down in August 1963 and the present derelict building was erected in the gardens of the first building.

The Corner Pin (New Inn) dates from about the same time as the original Red Lion (although it is attached to a cruck building which has been integrated into the main structure, this is of an earlier date) and is still a thriving public house today.

The Rose and Crown is almost certainly the oldest of Chellaston’s public houses. It was originally thatched and although much altered if you look closely it can be seen to be a far older building. It has recently (March 2010) been refurbished. Meals are served here.

The Lawns was converted from a Victorian villa (The Lawn) into a hotel/public house (The Lawns) in the mid to late 1900s. After a closure of approximately a year The Lawns reopened under new management in March 2010 and now has a smart restaurant area, a snug bar with television and a bar area in which snacks are served. There is also a function room which caters for weddings etc. Overnight accommodation can be found here.

The Bonnie Prince was converted in the late 1990s from a Victorian residence (Holme Leigh) and has also recently been refurbished. Meals are served here.

There is also the Chellaston Club, which has changed from a Royal British Legion social club to that of a general community social club, although it still retains an office for the R.B.L. Branch Committee to hold regular meetings. There is a function room upstairs. The aim of the club is to provide a wide based entertainment programme suitable for all tastes in a lively but safe venue away from the centre of town. This building was also a Victorian villa called The Hollies. The occupant in 1911 was Henry Fowler (later Sir Henry Fowler), Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Midland Railway..

Canal
In 1796 the Derby Canal opened, running through west Chellaston linking the Trent and Mersey Canal with Derby. The canal closed in the mid 20th century but there are now plans to re-open it..

Turnpike
The road through Chellaston became a turnpike (toll road) in 1856. The toll house stood at the roadside, approximately where the bus stop in front of the chemist’s shop is now..

Railway
The Midland Railway opened the Derby-Melbourne branch in 1868, eventually extending to Worthington, Weston on Trent and Stenson. There was a railway station at the bottom of Station Road which closed in 1930 and after that the branch line operated solely as a freight line, eventually this ceased about 1966.

Today Chellaston is a large suburban village within the City of Derby.