The first recorded mention of Chellaston was in 1009 when it was known
as Ceoleardesbeorge (beorg meaning hill) [Place Names of Derbyshire
by Cameron.] By 1086, the Domesday Survey named it as Celerdestune
or Celardestune . Eventually, after various spellings through time
it became known as Chellaston.
The population of Chellaston at the time of Bishop Crompton’s
religious census in 1676 was about 140. In 1789 Pilkington described
Chellaston as “a small farming village of 42 houses”.
The national census of 1801 gave a population of 205 and in 1901 the
population was 654, so in the 100 intervening years the population
had increased more than threefold. The population had increased to
15,198 in 2012.
St Peter’s Church dates from at least the 13th century when
mention of “a gift by
Alexander formerly Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield to Walter, Bishop
of Karliol [Carlisle] of the church of Meleburn with its chapels of
Chelardeston and Neuton” is made of it in a document in the
Cumbrian County Record Office.
The responsibility for the church at Chellaston stayed with Melbourne
until the late 19th century when the Reverend Joseph Hughes became
the first resident incumbent at St Peter’s, Chellaston, previously
a curate had looked after the church. In 1840 a tower was built on
Today St Peter’s Church is a lively and friendly community church
in the Diocese of Derby and is always ready to welcome new people.
St Peter’s Church
Methodism came to Chellaston in about 1812 when a Mr W. Astle asked
that his house, situated in Chellaston, may be used for public worship
by those dissenting from the Church of England.
Chapel in Chapel Lane – built in 1816 High
Street – built in 1876
In 1816 a chapel was built in Chapel Lane. This is now a private
house. The 1816 building was used until 1876, when a new chapel
was built in the High Street. Worship takes place there each Sunday.
The Baptist Chapel and the same location in the late 20th century
(Derby Road/Parkway junction)
In 1868 Chellaston Baptist Chapel was opened on Derby Road but this
disappeared with the building of the Parkway estate in the late
meeting at the Chellaston Golden Hour club on Maple Drive for a
time in the opportunity came to open their own Chapel of Ease in
the village and in 1971 the St. Ralph Sherwin Roman Catholic Centre
on Swarkestone Road opened.
Owing to possible re-development this may soon be re-sited.
Ralph Sherwin Catholic Church
the medieval period Chellaston became known worldwide for the quality
of the alabaster mined in the area to produce monuments, tombs and
tablets for churches etc.
The mines were mainly in the area between Chellaston and the neighbouring
village of Aston on Trent and they ceased producing alabaster in
the early 20th century.
at an Alabaster Mine in the area
Following the 1870 Education Act the Board School was opened in
1878 in School Lane, the building is still part of the Infants school
Children attended this school for the whole of their school life.
Eventually, in 1967, a junior school was built on the Flatts and
in 1977 Chellaston Senior School (now Chellaston Academy) was opened.
Another primary school (Homefields) was opened on Parkway in 2001.
School photograph - 1941
Hotels / Public Houses
There are, at the moment (November 2016), four public houses in
Chellaston. The Corner Pin (formerly the New Inn), The Rose and
Crown, The Bonnie Prince and The Lawns, which is also a hotel with
accommodation. There is also the Chellaston club, previously the
Royal British Legion.
Corner Pin is partly an 19th century building (although it is attached
to an earlier cruck building which has been integrated into the
main structure.) This public house closed early in 2016 but has
now reopened. (August 2016)
Rose and Crown is almost certainly the oldest Chellaston public
house. It was originally thatched and although much altered if you
look closely it can be seen to be a far older building.
This building is subject to a planning application to demolish it
and replace with a cut price supermarket (November 2016).
Rose and Crown in the 1950s
The Lawns was converted from a Victorian villa (The Lawn) into a
hotel/public house (The Lawns) in the mid to late 1900s.
Lawn as a Victorian Villa The
Lawns - 2016
In March 2010, after a closure of approximately a year, The Lawns
re-opened under new management and now has a restaurant area, and
two bar areas with television in which food can be served. There
is also a function room which caters for weddings etc. Overnight
accommodation can be found here.
The Bonnie Prince was converted in the late 1990s from a Victorian
residence (Holme Leigh) and has also recently been refurbished.
Meals are served here and it has a children’s play area.
Prince - 2011
There is also the Chellaston Club, which has changed from a Royal
British Legion social club to that of a general community social
club, although it still retains an office for the R.B.L. Branch
Committee to hold regular meetings.
There is a function room upstairs. The aim of the club is to provide
a wide based entertainment programme suitable for all tastes in
a lively but safe venue away from the centre of town. This building
was also a Victorian villa called The Hollies. The occupant in 1911
was Henry Fowler (later Sir Henry Fowler), Chief Mechanical Engineer
of the Midland Railway
Chellaston Club - 2011
Another public house was the Red Lion which originally dated from
c1829. This was demolished in August 1963 and a new pub built on
the site of the gardens.
This public house closed in the 2000s and remained empty for a
couple of years. It was eventually converted into a Tesco supermarket.
The Two Red Lions
before demolition of the original one
In 1796 the
Derby Canal opened, running through west Chellaston linking the
Trent and Mersey Canal with Derby. The canal closed in the mid 20th
century but there are now plans to re-open it.
at Shelton Lock in the 1950s
The road through
Chellaston became a turnpike (toll road) in 1856. The toll house
stood at the roadside, approximately where the bus stop in front
of the chemist’s shop is now.
The Midland Railway opened the Derby-Melbourne branch in 1868, eventually
extending to Worthington, Weston on Trent and Stenson.
There was a railway station at the bottom of Station Road which
closed in 1930 and after that the branch line operated solely as
a freight line, eventually this ceased about 1966.
and Swarkestone Station
Today Chellaston is a rapidly expanding suburban village within
the City of Derby.