Short History of Chellaston
   

The first recorded mention of Chellaston was in 1009 when it was known as Ceoleardesbeorge (beorg meaning hill) [Place Names of Derbyshire by Cameron.] By 1086, the Domesday Survey named it as Celerdestune or Celardestune . Eventually, after various spellings through time it became known as Chellaston.

Population
The population of Chellaston at the time of Bishop Crompton’s religious census in 1676 was about 140. In 1789 Pilkington described Chellaston as “a small farming village of 42 houses”. The national census of 1801 gave a population of 205 and in 1901 the population was 654, so in the 100 intervening years the population had increased more than threefold. The population had increased to 15,198 in 2012.

Religion
St Peter’s Church dates from at least the 13th century when mention of “a gift by
Alexander formerly Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield to Walter, Bishop of Karliol [Carlisle] of the church of Meleburn with its chapels of Chelardeston and Neuton” is made of it in a document in the Cumbrian County Record Office.

The responsibility for the church at Chellaston stayed with Melbourne until the late 19th century when the Reverend Joseph Hughes became the first resident incumbent at St Peter’s, Chellaston, previously a curate had looked after the church. In 1840 a tower was built on the church.

Today St Peter’s Church is a lively and friendly community church in the Diocese of Derby and is always ready to welcome new people.                                                                                                                                                             St Peter’s Church  

Methodism
Methodism came to Chellaston in about 1812 when a Mr W. Astle asked that his house, situated in Chellaston, may be used for public worship by those dissenting from the Church of England.
                                                              
                              Chapel in Chapel Lane – built in 1816                                     High Street – built in 1876

In 1816 a chapel was built in Chapel Lane. This is now a private house. The 1816 building was used until 1876, when a new chapel was built in the High Street. Worship takes place there each Sunday.


Baptists
                                         
                            The Baptist Chapel and the same location in the late 20th century (Derby Road/Parkway junction)

In 1868 Chellaston Baptist Chapel was opened on Derby Road but this disappeared with the building of the Parkway estate in the late 1970s.


Catholics
After meeting at the Chellaston Golden Hour club on Maple Drive for a time in the opportunity came to open their own Chapel of Ease in the village and in 1971 the St. Ralph Sherwin Roman Catholic Centre on Swarkestone Road opened.

Owing to possible re-development this may soon be re-sited.









             St Ralph Sherwin Catholic Church

Alabaster
During the medieval period Chellaston became known worldwide for the quality of the alabaster mined in the area to produce monuments, tombs and tablets for churches etc.

The mines were mainly in the area between Chellaston and the neighbouring village of Aston on Trent and they ceased producing alabaster in the early 20th century.


                                                                                                                                    Workers at an Alabaster Mine in the area


Education

Following the 1870 Education Act the Board School was opened in 1878 in School Lane, the building is still part of the Infants school today.

Children attended this school for the whole of their school life. Eventually, in 1967, a junior school was built on the Flatts and in 1977 Chellaston Senior School (now Chellaston Academy) was opened.

Another primary school (Homefields) was opened on Parkway in 2001.



                                       School photograph - 1941

Hotels / Public Houses

There are, at the moment (November 2016), four public houses in Chellaston. The Corner Pin (formerly the New Inn), The Rose and Crown, The Bonnie Prince and The Lawns, which is also a hotel with accommodation. There is also the Chellaston club, previously the Royal British Legion.

The Corner Pin is partly an 19th century building (although it is attached to an earlier cruck building which has been integrated into the main structure.) This public house closed early in 2016 but has now reopened. (August 2016)







                                  Corner Pin

The Rose and Crown is almost certainly the oldest Chellaston public house. It was originally thatched and although much altered if you look closely it can be seen to be a far older building.

This building is subject to a planning application to demolish it and replace with a cut price supermarket (November 2016).





                                                                                                                                                  The Rose and Crown in the 1950s

The Lawns was converted from a Victorian villa (The Lawn) into a hotel/public house (The Lawns) in the mid to late 1900s.
                                                  
                                The Lawn as a Victorian Villa                                   The Lawns - 2016

In March 2010, after a closure of approximately a year, The Lawns re-opened under new management and now has a restaurant area, and two bar areas with television in which food can be served. There is also a function room which caters for weddings etc. Overnight accommodation can be found here.



The Bonnie Prince was converted in the late 1990s from a Victorian residence (Holme Leigh) and has also recently been refurbished. Meals are served here and it has a children’s play area.








                     Bonnie Prince - 2011

There is also the Chellaston Club, which has changed from a Royal British Legion social club to that of a general community social club, although it still retains an office for the R.B.L. Branch Committee to hold regular meetings.

There is a function room upstairs. The aim of the club is to provide a wide based entertainment programme suitable for all tastes in a lively but safe venue away from the centre of town. This building was also a Victorian villa called The Hollies. The occupant in 1911 was Henry Fowler (later Sir Henry Fowler), Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Midland Railway

                                                                                                                                             Chellaston Club - 2011



Another public house was the Red Lion which originally dated from c1829. This was demolished in August 1963 and a new pub built on the site of the gardens.

This public house closed in the 2000s and remained empty for a couple of years. It was eventually converted into a Tesco supermarket.


       The Two Red Lions before demolition of the original one


Canal
In 1796 the Derby Canal opened, running through west Chellaston linking the Trent and Mersey Canal with Derby. The canal closed in the mid 20th century but there are now plans to re-open it.






                                                                                                                                                 Canal at Shelton Lock in the 1950s

Turnpike
The road through Chellaston became a turnpike (toll road) in 1856. The toll house stood at the roadside, approximately where the bus stop in front of the chemist’s shop is now.

 

 

 

 









                      Chellaston Toll House

Railway
The Midland Railway opened the Derby-Melbourne branch in 1868, eventually extending to Worthington, Weston on Trent and Stenson.

There was a railway station at the bottom of Station Road which closed in 1930 and after that the branch line operated solely as a freight line, eventually this ceased about 1966.




                                                                                                                                         Chellaston and Swarkestone Station

Today Chellaston is a rapidly expanding suburban village within the City of Derby.