|The first recorded mention
of Chellaston was in 1009 when it was known as Ceoleardesbeorge (beorg
meaning hill) [Place Names of Derbyshire by Cameron.] By
1086, the Domesday Survey named it as Celerdestune or Celardestune
. Eventually, after various spellings through time it became known
St Peter’s Church probably dates from at least the 13th century
when mention of “a gift by Alexander formerly Bishop of
Coventry and Lichfield to Walter, Bishop of Karliol [Carlisle] of
the church of Meleburn with its chapels of Chelardeston and Neuton”
is made of it in a document in the Cumbrian County Record Office.
The responsibility for the church at Chellaston stayed with Melbourne
until the late 19th century when the Reverend Joseph Hughes became
the first resident incumbent at St Peter’s, Chellaston, previously
a curate had looked after the church. In 1840 a tower was built
on the church.
Methodism probably came to Chellaston in about 1812 when a Mr W
Astle asked that his house situated in Chellaston may be used for
public worship by those dissenting from the Church of England, called
Methodists. Eventually a new chapel was built in 1876 in the High
In 1868 Chellaston Baptist Chapel was opened on Derby Road but this
disappeared with the building of the Parkway estate in the late
In the 1970s the St. Ralph Sherwin Roman Catholic Church on Swarkestone
During the medieval period Chellaston became known worldwide for
the quality of the alabaster mined in the area to produce monuments,
tombs and tablets for churches etc. The mines were mainly in the
area between Chellaston and the neighbouring village of Aston on
Trent and they ceased producing alabaster in the early 20th century.
The population of the Chellaston at the time of Bishop Crompton’s
religious census in 1676 was about 140. In 1789 Pilkington described
Chellaston as “a small farming village of 42 houses”.
The national census of 1801 gave a population of 205 and in 1901
the population was 654, so in the 100 intervening years the population
had increased more than threefold. The population had increased
to about 14,000 in 2009.
Following the 1870 Education Act he Board School was opened in 1878
in School Lane, the building is still part of the Infants school
today. Children attended this school for the whole of their school
life. Eventually, in 1967, a junior school was built on the Flatts
and in 1977 Chellaston Senior School was opened. Another primary
school (Homefields) was opened on Parkway in 2001.
Hotels / Public Houses
There are, at the moment (April 2010), four public houses in Chellaston.
The Rose and Crown, the Corner Pin (formerly the New Inn), The Bonnie
Prince and The Lawns, which is also a hotel with accommodation.
There is also the Chellaston club, previously the Royal British
The Red Lion is currently derelict, possibly about to be pulled
down. The original Red Lion dates from c1829. This was pulled down
in August 1963 and the present derelict building was erected in
the gardens of the first building.
The Corner Pin (New Inn) dates from about the same time as the original
Red Lion (although it is attached to a cruck building which has
been integrated into the main structure, this is of an earlier date)
and is still a thriving public house today.
The Rose and Crown is almost certainly the oldest of Chellaston’s
public houses. It was originally thatched and although much altered
if you look closely it can be seen to be a far older building. It
has recently (March 2010) been refurbished. Meals are served here.
The Lawns was converted from a Victorian villa (The Lawn) into a
hotel/public house (The Lawns) in the mid to late 1900s. After a
closure of approximately a year The Lawns reopened under new management
in March 2010 and now has a smart restaurant area, a snug bar with
television and a bar area in which snacks are served. There is also
a function room which caters for weddings etc. Overnight accommodation
can be found here.
The Bonnie Prince was converted in the late 1990s from a Victorian
residence (Holme Leigh) and has also recently been refurbished.
Meals are served here.
There is also the Chellaston Club, which has changed from a Royal
British Legion social club to that of a general community social
club, although it still retains an office for the R.B.L. Branch
Committee to hold regular meetings. There is a function room upstairs.
The aim of the club is to provide a wide based entertainment programme
suitable for all tastes in a lively but safe venue away from the
centre of town. This building was also a Victorian villa called
The Hollies. The occupant in 1911 was Henry Fowler (later Sir Henry
Fowler), Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Midland Railway.
In 1796 the Derby Canal opened, running through west Chellaston
linking the Trent and Mersey Canal with Derby. The canal closed
in the mid 20th century but there are now plans to re-open it.
The road through Chellaston became a turnpike (toll road) in 1856.
The toll house stood at the roadside, approximately where the bus
stop in front of the chemist’s shop is now.
The Midland Railway opened the Derby-Melbourne branch in 1868, eventually
extending to Worthington, Weston on Trent and Stenson. There was
a railway station at the bottom of Station Road which closed in
1930 and after that the branch line operated solely as a freight
line, eventually this ceased about 1966.
Today Chellaston is a large suburban village within the City of